République Tunisienne  
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Ressources Hydrauliques et de la Pêche

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Spatio-Temporal Identification of Areas Suitable for West Nile Disease in the Mediterranean Basin and Central Europe > Description

 
Date de publication 30 Decembre 2015 
Télécharger Spatio-Temporal Identification of Areas Suitable for West Nile Disease in the Mediterranean Basin and Central Europe
Auteur   Annamaria Conte, Luca Candeloro, Carla Ippoliti, Federica Monaco, Fabrizio De Massis, Rossana Bruno, Daria Di Sabatino, Maria Luisa Danzetta, Abdennasser Benjelloun, Bouchra Belkadi, Mehdi El Harrak, Silvia Declich, Caterina Rizzo, Salah Hammami, Thameur Ben Hassine, Paolo Calistri,Giovanni Savini
Mots clés  Virus, West Nile, moustique, vectorielle, Méditerranée, WNV, identification, Europe, homme, analyse spatiale, analyse temporelle, équidés, cheval, maladie
Résumé  

West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-transmitted Flavivirus belonging to the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of the Flaviviridae family. Its spread in the Mediterranean basin and the Balkans poses a significant risk to human health and forces public health officials to constantly monitor the virus transmission to ensure prompt application of preventive measures. In this context, predictive tools indicating the areas and periods at major risk of WNV transmission are of paramount importance. Spatial analysis approaches, which use environmental and climatic variables to find suitable habitats for WNV spread, can enhance predictive techniques. Using the Mahalanobis Distance statistic, areas ecologically most suitable for sustaining WNV transmission were identified in the Mediterranean basin and Central Europe. About 270 human and equine clinical cases notified in Italy, Greece, Portugal,Morocco, and Tunisia, between 2008 and 2012, have been considered. The environmental variables included in the model were altitude, slope, night time Land Surface Temperature, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, Enhanced Vegetation Index, and daily temperature range. Seasonality of mosquito population has been modelled and included in the analyses to produce monthly maps of suitable areas for West Nile Disease. Between May and July, the most suitable areas are located in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and North Cyprus. Summer/Autumn months, particularly between August and October, characterize the suitability in Italy, France, Spain, the Balkan countries, Morocco, North Tunisia, the Mediterranean coast of Africa, and the Middle East. The persistence of suitable conditions in December is confined to the coastal areas of Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and Israel.

 

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