République Tunisienne  
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Ressources Hydrauliques et de la Pêche

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Species delimitation based on mtDNA genes suggests the occurrence of new species of Mesocestoides in the Mediterranean region>   Description

 
Date de publication 2018
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Species delimitation based on mtDNA genes suggests the occurrence of new species of Mesocestoides in the Mediterranean region

Auteur 

A. Varcasia, D. Sanna, M. Casu, S. Lahmar, G. Dessì, A. Paola Pipia, C. Tamponi, G. Gaglio, G. Hrčková, D Otranto et A. Scala

Mots clés

Mesocestoides, Dog, Cat, Fox, Genetic structuring, Species delimitation, Mediterranean region

Résumé

 Background: This study is the first contribution to the molecular taxonomy of Mesocestoides spp. from domestic and wild carnivores in the Mediterranean area. A total of 13 adult worms and 13 larval stages of Mesocestoides spp. were collected from domestic and wild carnivore hosts in Italy and Tunisia. Samples collected in the Slovak Republic were used as comparative samples from outside the Mediterranean. The genes cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) of the mitochondrial genome were used as molecular markers to investigate the presence of cryptic Mesocestoides species in the area analysed.

Results: Results were consistent in showing three well-supported clusters of Mesocestoides spp. in southern Italy and Tunisia, which were strongly divergent from Mesocestoides litteratus, M. corti and M. lineatus. High levels of genetic variation and no evidence of geographical structuring was found between the clusters.

Conclusions: Considering the low dispersal capability of the intermediate hosts of Mesocestoides spp., the lack of geographical structuring among the Mediterranean regions could be due to a high potential for dispersion of the definitive hosts. This study provides a foundation for future formal descriptions of new species of the genus Mesocestoides in the Mediterranean area.

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